Did you know ?

After water, concrete is the word's second most consumed material. The key component in the production of concrete is cement.

Slovenian cement industry has invested more than €110 mio in production renovation in the period from the year 2003 to the year 2011. The majority are ecological investments since investments in increasing efficiency and optimizing production line eventually have a simultaneous effect on reduction of environmental impacts.

Source: Slovenian cement plants

Production of cement is capital-intensive industry. The costs of cement plants are usually above €150M per million tons of annual capacity, with corresponding high costs for modifications. The cost of a new cement plant is equivalent to around 3 years of turnover, which ranks cement industry among the most capital-intensive industries.

Production of cement is an energy intensive industry. Each ton of the produced cement requires 100 to 200 kg of hard coal or other equivalent fuel and about 110 KWh of electricity.

Land transport costs are significant and it used to be said that cement could not be economically hauled beyond 200 or at most 300 km. The price of long road transportation may even be higher than the cost price. Bulk shipping has changed that, however, and it is now cheaper to cross the Atlantic Ocean with 35 000 tons of cargo than to truck it 300 km.

Market parameters – Cement consumption is closely linked to both the state of economic development in any given country or region and to the economic cycle. Also, it follows the evolution of the economy in general very closely.  

Sources: Cembureau – web site